Urban health

Urban Health Inequities and the added pressure of Climate Change: An Action-Oriented Research Agenda

All Authors: 
Friel S, Hancock T, Kjellstrom T, McGranahan G, Monge P, Roy Y
Publication Date: 
2011

Climate change will likely exacerbate already existing urban social inequities and health risks, thereby exacerbating existing urban health inequities. Cities in low- and middle-income countries are particularly vulnerable. Urbanization is both a cause of and potential solution to global climate change. Most population growth in the foreseeable future will occur in urban areas primarily in developing countries.

Sustainability challenges from climate change and air conditioning use in urban areas

All Authors: 
Lundgren K, Kjellstrom T
Publication Date: 
2013

Global climate change increases heat loads in urban areas causing health and productivity risks for millions of people. Inhabitants in tropical and subtropical urban areas are at especial risk due to high population density, already high temperatures, and temperature increases due to climate change. Air conditioning is growing rapidly, especially in South and South-East Asia due to income growth and the need to protect from high heat exposures.

Towards action on social determinants for health equity in urban settings (the KNUS report)

All Authors: 
T Kjellstrom, S Mercado
Publication Date: 
2008

More than half of the global population now live in urban settings. Urbanization can and should be beneficial for health. In general, nations with high life expectancies and low infant mortality rates are those where city governments address the key social determinants of health.

Urban environmental health hazards and health equity

All Authors: 
Tord Kjellstrom, Sharon Friel, Jane Dixon, Carlos Corvalan, Eva Rehfuess, Diarmid Campbell-Lendrum, Fiona Gore, Jamie Bartram
Publication Date: 
2007

This paper outlines briefly how the living environment can affect health. It explains the links between social and environmental determinants of health in urban settings. Interventions to improve health equity through the environment include actions and policies that deal with proximal risk factors in deprived urban areas, such as safe drinking water supply, reduced air pollution from household cooking and heating as well as from vehicles and industry, reduced traffic injury hazards and noise, improved working environment, and reduced heat stress because of global climate change.