Environmental pollution has many facets, and the resultant health risks include diseases in almost all organ systems. Thus, a chapter on air and water pollution control links with chapters on, for instance, diarrheal diseases (chapter 19), respiratory diseases in children and adults (chapters 25 and 35), cancers (chapter 29), neurological disorders (chapter 32), and cardiovascular disease (chapter 33), as well as with a number of chapters dealing with health care issues.......
Aim: The objective of this study was to investigate the seasonal pattern of admissions and emergency room (ER) presentations for diarrhoeal disease in children, and their association with climatic factors such as temperature and humidity. Back to Top | Article Outline Methods:
This study investigates seasonal variation in paediatric hospitalisations and emergency room presentations for asthma and other (non-asthma) respiratory conditions. It also examines the association between these two conditions and climatic factors such as temperature and humidity. Back to Top | Article Outline Methods:
During the summer of 2003, Europe experienced a heat wave that lasted almost 2 weeks in which high temperatures were accompanied by exceptionally high ozone levels. Unfortunately, few studies have examined the effects of temperature and ozone simultaneously. The authors use constrained distributed lag models to estimate the effects of daily temperature and peak ozone on mortality in 12 French cities during the heat wave and to estimate the deaths attributable to each component.
Comprehensive and updated throughout, this new edition makes it easy to detect, diagnose, and treat the full spectrum of problems caused by occupational or environmental factors, including physical, chemical, and biologic agents. An international cast of experts offers in-depth, authoritative guidance on clinical problems as well as the legal and regulatory issues impacting the practice of occupational and environmental medicine today. Section 1 is on principles and practice. Section 2 on work sectors and special populations includes a chapter on mining.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the daily number of deaths, weather and ambient air pollution. METHOD: An ecological study. We assembled daily data for the city of Christchurch, New Zealand (population 300,000) from June 1988 to December 1993. We used Poisson regression models, controlling for season using a parametric method. RESULTS: